Blueberry Fungus

first_imgBlueberries are one of the most popular backyard fruits for Georgia because they are relatively low maintenance compared to other fruit species. However, there is one particular disease issue known as “mummy berry” that can be problematic for blueberry growers.The disease is easily recognized when the fruit begins to ripen, as infected berries become dry, shrivel and drop prematurely. These infected berries are a pinkish color rather than the normal blue. This is caused by a fungus that can survive over the winter inside the fruit mummies that lay on the ground. Spores within infected berries can remain viable for several years.Mummy berry can cause crop yield losses as high as 25% to 50% are not unusual if left untreated. Blueberry varieties differ in their susceptibility to the disease. Unfortunately, some of the most popular varieties for Georgia are known to be highly susceptible.  This year has been a terrible year for mummy berry disease due to the unusually cool, wet spring weather. Late freezes also predisposed leaves and flower buds to infection.Mummy berry actually infects blueberry plants in two stages. The first stage occurs when spores (ascospores) are released from the fruit mummies on the ground. Wind spreads the spores to nearby plants, infecting newly emerging shoots and leaves. Newly infected leaves, buds, stems and flower clusters suddenly wilt, turn brown and eventually become covered in a powdery mass of spores. Secondary spores (conidia) from these blighted shoots are then carried to open flowers along with pollen. In fact, bees and other pollinators inadvertently spread the spores during pollination. During the second stage, the spores infect developing berries by growing into and colonizing the ovaries of the fruit.Unfortunately, by the time most people notice the problem — normally close to harvest — it’s too late to do anything to salvage your blueberries for the current season. This is true of most plant disease issues. Once you’ve seen this disease in your blueberry planting, you can anticipate it will return the following year. The good news is that there are effective fungicide options that can be sprayed to prevent this disease early in the growing season. A few properly timed fungicide applications can effectively control this disease.   Sanitation is an important tactic for managing mummy berry disease with backyard blueberry growers, since fungicide options for home gardeners are limited. Burying or mulching the mummies during the winter can help prevent future infections. Rake or use a leaf blower to move mummies into row centers and bury 2 inches deep by disking the soil between rows or adding 2 inches of mulch. A bagging mower could be used to collect and remove the mummies. Shallow cultivation between rows before bud break can also kill any exposed fungal fruiting bodies. It is difficult to ensure that all mummies will be buried or removed, so chemical control is also necessary.  Fungicides should be applied soon after bud break when green tip occurs on leaf buds or less than 5% open bloom occurs on the flowers, whichever comes first. Continue sprays until all blooms have fallen. Once the flowers have been pollinated, no further infection can take place.One control option that provides fair control is a product containing the natural bacterium Bacillus subtilis, sold under the brand name Serenade. This has been shown to reduce mummy berry infection if applied at the shortest labeled intervals during bloom.  Another good fungicide option is Captan 50WP applied every 7 to 10 days through bloom. Be sure to get a standalone fungicide that is not combined with any insecticides. Insecticides should never be applied during bloom as they will harm bees that are necessary for pollination.For more information about growing blueberries, check out University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Circular 946, “Home Garden Blueberries,” at extension.uga.edu/publications.last_img read more

Today, the first theme park opens – Fun Park Mirnovec

first_imgThe first theme park for children and adults in Croatia, Fun Park Mirnovec, which is being built in Biograd na Moru, modeled on the world’s famous adrenaline entertainment centers, will open its doors today, July 15. 2017The construction of Fun Park Mirnovec, the largest investment in the entertainment industry in the country, is worth about 12 million euros, and the investor is a regional leader and well-known producer of film and entertainment effects, Mirnovec pyrotechnics from Samobor. The uniqueness of the park is a business concept that has been successfully proven for decades in far more developed markets around the world, and it is a combination of adrenaline rides and fun for children in one place.”Since we will be working at a reduced capacity from July 15 to 20, ticket prices will also be lower during that period, and they will only be available for purchase online. Also, the working hours of the park in this period will be from 15 to 23 hours”Points out from Fun Park Mirnovec and adds that the ticket price will range from 110 kn to 190 kn depending on the type of ticket and season, and the ticket for the park is daily and allows you unlimited rides at all attractions.Visitors to the park will have at their disposal 24 attractions divided into three thematic units: Pirate City, Space and the Wild West. Of the 24 attractions, the most interesting are certainly the Adria Eye, from which you can see the entire panorama, from the Kornati islands to Lake Vrana, as well as the Tornado and Big Blue rollercoaster. Also, within the park there will be a meaningful animation program, as well as a rich catering offer, both for children and for children. The great news is that the park will be open all year round, and the working hours of the park will be from 11 am to 23 pm.An excellent tourist story that will raise the whole region to a higher level, primarily through the additional quality content of the tourist destination, which is chronically lacking in our tourism.last_img read more

IPE Conference: Lower pension payouts in German-speaking Europe

first_imgThe German-speaking countries of Europe, despite having very different pension systems, still face a similar problem – how to explain why people’s pensions might not be what they expected.At this year’s IPE Conference in Berlin, representatives from the pensions industries in Germany, Austria and Switzerland updated delegates on the latest debate issues in their respective countries.Heribert Karch, managing director at Germany’s MetallRente and chairman of the aba pension fund association, said his country was at a very important point of its ongoing debate. “It is the last remaining chance to enter into a new world in which occupational pensions is no longer just a benefit offered by employers but a part of an integrated social policy,” he said.  The government’s current draft allows social partners to set up pension plans without guarantees.“The draft is extremely good work by the ministry,” Karch said.“This way, social partners – the so-called Tarifparteien – can do something for the companies, ridding them of the financial burden of top-up payments, and they can do something for the unions, offering them a say in how pension plans are set up.”“But what some people in Germany do not want to see is that this needs to be done without guarantees, to offer pension vehicles a wider choice of investments.”Christian Böhm, managing director of the Austrian APK pension fund, said low interest rates could damage the reputation of funded pensions in Austria even further. “The current interest-rate environment could jeopardise the momentum we already had in convincing people about the necessity of second-pillar pension savings,” he said. He pointed out, however, that replacement rates from the first pillar continued to shrink from each generation to the next and that only 25% of employees in Austria were now covered by a second-pillar pension fund.He added that some of the contribution rates were “very inadequate”, especially in the public sector, where saving into a second-pillar scheme is mandatory.“A 0.75% contribution rate is rather pitiful,” Böhm said. “Only companies that see pension funds as a competitive advantage are paying appropriate contributions.”Ueli Mettler, a partner at Swiss researcher c-alm, said the Swiss get an equivalent of 60% of their final salary via the second pillar and just 20% via the first.But while almost all pension plans have been switched from defined benefit models to something similar to defined contribution, there is still a level of guarantee in the system in the form of the conversion rate, he said. This is applied to the accrued assets and has to be guaranteed for life.Under the new AV2020 reform proposal, this rate is to be cut from 6.8% to 6%.“A consensus can be reached on this part of the proposal and on the slight increase of the retirement age to 65 for both male and female employees,” Mettler said.“But the real debate is now around the compensation for these cuts in the second pillar and whether there should be a general top-up on first-pillar pensions.”last_img read more

People moves: PFZW appoints chair; LGIM names new CIO [updated]

first_imgPFZW – The €217bn Dutch healthcare sector scheme has appointed Joanne Kellermann (right) as its new independent chair as of 1 June. She succeeds Carla Moonen, who stepped down on 1 November.Between 2007 and 2014 Kellermann was a member of the executive board of regulator De Nederlandsche Bank, responsible for supervision of pension funds and insurers. Subsequently, she was a trustee at the European Banks Resolution Authority in Brussels. PFZW, Ilmarinen, LGIM, Aegon Asset Management, INDEFI, PGGM, JØP, CQS, 100% Club, Neuberger Berman, ASR, Pensions Policy Institute, Barnett Waddingham, ECPA, iM Global Partner Albert Vink, deputy chairman at PFZW, underlined the importance of a new chair, citing challenges including the long-awaited new pensions system.Ilmarinen – Finland’s biggest pension insurer has appointed Matias Klemelä as its new chief financial and risk officer and Barbara D’Ambrogi-Ola as its new chief actuary, as part of a change to its management board.Klemelä is currently CFO and will see his role broadened to include some of the duties of the current chief risk officer and chief actuary Hillevi Mannonen, who is leaving Ilmarinen. Three functions are to be merged into one department under Klemelä as of 1 July – the financial department, actuarial services and risk management – with Klemelä remaining as a director on the board.Meanwhile, D’Ambrogi-Ola will report directly to Ilmarinen’s president and chief executive Jouko Pölönen. The provider said the management board changes were part of its ongoing reorganisation as it sought to become more customer-focused and agile.Legal & General Investment Management (LGIM) – Sonja Laud has become the new CIO of the UK’s largest asset manager, subject to regulatory approval. It follows the departure of Anton Eser after 13 years with LGIM as head of fixed income and CIO.In a statement, the asset manager said Eser was returning to South Africa for family reasons while also wishing to take on “a more hands-on investing role with a particular focus on ESG and social impact investing in Africa”.Laud joined LGIM in January 2019 as deputy CIO. The company she had been working with Eser to restructure the investment team “to ensure we continue to deliver best-in-class investment solutions for our clients”.Aegon Asset Management – Bas NieuweWeme has been appointed as a global chief executive of Aegon Asset Management as of 24 June. He will succeed Sarah Russell who will step down after nine years.NieuweWeme joins from Prudential Financial Investment Management, where he was managing director and global head of the institutional relationship group. Aegon said Russell would support NieuweWeme to ensure a smooth transition.INDEFI – The Paris-based strategic investment management consultancy has appointed Christina Böck as partner to lead its expansion into Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. Böck was chief investment officer at Profond, a CHF7.5bn (€6.7bn) Swiss multi-employer pension fund, from 2016 to early 2018, and then started her own consulting business. She joined Profond after 15 years in different roles at AXA Investment Managers. Richard Bruyère, managing partner at INDEFI, said: “We have always considered the DACH region as a key area for our clients. It is the largest European investment management market in mainland Europe and a fast-growing market for private assets. With Christina on board, we are looking to further strengthen our relationships with asset managers, institutional investors and fund distributors in this region.”  PGGM – Erik Goris has started as new director for investments at the €1.4bn pension fund for the island of Aruba as of 1 June. He was previously a director of Volo, the general pension fund (APF) of the Dutch pensions provider PGGM. The consolidator vehicle is to be liquidated as it no longer fits into PGGM’s strategy.Goris started his career as lawyer of mergers, takeovers and private equity at law firm Allen & Overy. He subsequently worked as corporate finance specialist at ING Wholesale Banking and director of asset-liability management and policy advisor at the €215bn asset manager PGGM. He has been chair of Volo, which he helped set up, since 2016.JØP – Helle Munk Ravnborg and Anders Ehlers Andersen have been appointed as new members of the supervisory board of the Danish pension fund for lawyers and economists, JØP. The fund has recently decided to enter into a full merger with its long-term cooperation partner DIP, one of the Danish pension funds for engineers.Munk Ravnborg is a senior researcher at the Danish Institute for International Studies, while Ehlers Andersen is a lawyer, working both in a public-sector role and as a self-employed practitioner.In the recent membership vote, previous board members Torben Huss and Morten Wig Harboe-Jepsen failed to win re-election. In its upcoming merger, Anders Eldrup Formand will remain as chair for the joint fund, named P+.CQS – Serge Harry has joined the credit specialist manager as group chief financial officer, reporting to Xavier Rolet, CQS’ chief executive officer, with whom he worked at the London Stock Exchange Group (LSEG).From 2011 to 2013 he was senior adviser to Rolet, working on the acquisition of LCH Group. He then became a member of the group executive committee, chief of staff to Rolet, and group country head for France, Benelux and Germany. Before working for LSEG, Harry was chairman and CEO of BlueNext, a global carbon credits trading exchange. The 100% Club – Deborah Gilshan has left Aberdeen Standard Investments, where she was ESG director, to focus on the future development of The 100% Club, which she founded in 2011 as a network for female governance professionals. She will also pursue new opportunities and projects in the related fields of investment stewardship, corporate governance and diversity.Before joining Standard Life Investments as governance and stewardship director in 2017, Gilshan worked for nearly 10 years at RPMI Railpen, the in-house manager of the £28bn (€32bn) pension scheme for the UK railway sector, most latterly as head of sustainable ownership.  She told IPE that The 100% Club had “flourished into a successful multi-sector alliance”, adding: “It is my contribution to retaining women in sectors challenged on gender balance and I will be focusing on new initiatives to further boost the female talent pipeline.”Gilshan is also an ambassador for the 30% Club, a group campaigning for greater representation of women on the boards of FTSE 100 boards.  Neuberger Berman – The US-based investment manager has appointed Jose Cosio to lead intermediary client coverage across Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Latin America.He joins from Alliance Bernstein where he spent nine years in various senior business development roles, including most recently as managing director of global intermediaries for the UK, Middle East, North Africa and southern Europe. He has previously held roles at Wachovia Securities and Old Mutual Bermuda.ASR – The supervisory board of insurer ASR is to appoint Ingrid de Graaf-de Swart as a member of the executive board. She is to fill in a vacancy that emerged as a consequence of ASR’s new management structure.De Graaf joins from Aegon Netherlands where she was chair of private clients since 2017. Prior to this, she worked in several management positions at Delta Lloyd. She has also been chief executive at ABN Amro Insurance and member of the executive board at Delta Lloyd.The Pensions Policy Institute – The PPI’s director Chris Curry has been appointed as principal of the Pensions Dashboard Industry Delivery Group with the Money and Pensions Service, a role he will take up on 8 July. He will reduce the amount of time he spends on PPI work as a result. The PPI council said it welcomed the recognition Curry had received in being appointed to the dashboard role.Barnett Waddingham – The UK consultancy has hired Dean Hughes as head of enterprise risk management within its corporate consulting team. He was previously global head of risk and advisory at VinciWorks, an international tech, education and consulting company. Hughes said: “Our goal is to integrate data within the risk conversation, not only for measuring risk but to provide compelling insights to inform decision making – be it through cost reduction, risk or revenue optimisation.”ECPA – Paul Burnett is the new chairman of the Employer Covenant Practitioners Association (ECPA), the UK covenant specialists group. Burnett is head of employer covenant at RPMI Railpen, the industry-wide pension fund for UK railway companies.He takes over from Donald Fleming, partner at RSM. Andy Palmer, a partner at BDO, is the ECPA’s vice chairman.iM Global Partner – The asset management acquirer has hired Bo Huang as head of research. Before joing iM Global Partner, she was a portfolio manager for a $5bn multi-asset fund of funds at Tilney Group, and before that head analyst for Asian and global emerging markets at Stamford Associates.last_img read more

Angels’ Mike Trout says he was ‘shocked’ to learn cause of Tyler Skaggs’ death

first_img Angels’ poor pitching spoils an Albert Pujols milestone Trout said he had no idea that Skaggs was having any kind of issues that could have led to him using those drugs.“Obviously, if I knew I would have definitely said something or done something,” said Trout, who was Skaggs’ close friend since the two were drafted together in 2009. “It’s tough. You love Tyler. We didn’t know he was going through this. Just a tough situation when this came out. Tough to put your mind to it.”Skaggs was found dead in his hotel room on July 1, just before the Angels were to open a series against the Texas Rangers. Police determined at the time that it was not foul play or suicide.Trout and the rest of the Angels had spent nearly two months grieving, and Friday’s news brought back tough memories.“Every time you talk about anything Tyler has done, or did, it definitely reopens it,” Trout said. “We’re always thinking about him. It’s been a tough year for us emotionally, and obviously mentally. Anytime this pops up or anything related to Tyler, it’s going to open that wound.” Angels’ Shohei Ohtani spending downtime working in outfield Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Error Jose Suarez’s rocky start sinks Angels in loss to Astros Angels offense breaks out to split doubleheader with Astros center_img Southlake, Texas, police and Major League Baseball are still investigating the case. Skaggs’ family said in a statement that they believe an Angels employee had a part in the tragedy.“That was a shock to me,” Trout said. “I knew nothing about it. It’s disappointing, but I don’t know anything about that.”BEDROSIAN TO ILCam Bedrosian was placed on the injured list on Saturday because of a right forearm strain. Bedrosian, who had Tommy John surgery while he was in the minors, said he underwent an MRI exam on Saturday that showed no damage to his ligament.Related Articles Angels’ Mike Trout working on his defense, thanks to Twitter ANAHEIM — Nearly two months after the pain of Tyler Skaggs’ death, Mike Trout felt the pain again of learning how it happened.A day after the news broke that a Texas medical examiner determined that Skaggs died because of a mixture of opioids and alcohol, Trout reacted to the revelation on Saturday.“I was kind of shocked when the news came out like that,” Trout said. “That’s tough, but it doesn’t change the feeling I have for him and the way it impacted my life.”Skaggs was found to have fentanyl and oxycodone in his blood, along with an alcohol level 50 percent higher than the limit to determine impairment. “It doesn’t feel like the same thing,” Bedrosian said. “It feels different, a different spot. I’m not worried about it.”Bedrosian said going on the injured list was a precaution, and he expects to be shut down for five or six days. He said he expects to pitch again in September.The Angels recalled José Rodriguez to take Bedrosian’s spot on the 25-man roster.ALSOA day after playing all 15 innings and collecting four hits in the Angels’ 7-6 loss to the Boston Red Sox, Albert Pujols was back in the lineup at first base. Ausmus said Pujols assured him that “his legs feel good.”…Justin Anderson, who is out with a right upper trap strain, threw off the front slope of the mound on Friday. He is scheduled to throw from the top of the mound on Sunday…Tommy La Stella is hitting in the cage and throwing, and it’s possible that he will join the Angels for workouts during their week-long trip starting on Tuesday, Ausmus said. La Stella is expected to be playing within two weeks.UP NEXTAngels (LHP Andrew Heaney, 3-3, 3.95) vs. Red Sox (LHP David Price, 7-5, 4.36), 1:07 p.m., Fox Sports Westlast_img read more