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Jan 29, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – Russia reported its first H5N1 avian influenza outbreak of the season today, as more suspicious bird deaths were reported in Japan and Hungary, where agriculture authorities are battling other recently confirmed outbreaks.The Russian government’s agricultural watch group Rosselkhoznadzor announced today that poultry deaths were reported at three farmsteads in southern Krasnodar territory, RIA Novosti reported. Spokesperson Alexei Alekseyenko told the news agency that samples from the birds tested positive for H5N1 avian influenza.Krasnodar is in southwest Russia near the Black Sea. Reuters reported today that the outbreaks occurred at three settlements, Labinsk, Upornaya, and Borodinskaya, and that further tests on the samples would be conducted in Moscow.Russia’s last confirmed outbreak was in July 2006, according to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). The country experienced its first significant poultry outbreak in 2005 but has reported no human cases.Meanwhile, Japan’s agriculture ministry announced today its third avian flu outbreak of the season, this one on a chicken farm in Okayama prefecture, about 340 miles west of Tokyo, according to Agence France-Presse (AFP). The birds have tested positive for an H5 virus, but further tests are pending to determine if it is the lethal H5N1 strain.The announcement came 2 days after the ministry confirmed Japan’s second H5N1 outbreak in poultry, which occurred at a farm in Hyuga in Miyazaki prefecture, Japan’s main chicken-producing region, the Associated Press (AP) reported today. On Jan 26, authorities began slaughtering the farm’s 49,000 remaining chickens, the AP report noted.Hungary’s agriculture ministry today announced a suspected outbreak at a goose farm in the southeastern part of the country, an AP report said. The ministry said authorities culled 9,400 goslings at a farm in Derekegyhaz in Csongrad County after some showed nervous system symptoms, the AP reported. Veterinarians tested the birds for a bacterial infection, but results were negative.Also today the European Union confirmed that the lethal H5N1 virus was the cause of goose deaths on another farm in the same county, as first reported by the Hungarian agriculture ministry 5 days ago, the AP reported. The outbreak marked the first appearance of H5N1 in Europe this winter.WHO confirms human caseOn the human H5N1 disease front, the World Health Organization (WHO) today confirmed that a 6-year-old girl from Indonesia’s central Java province died of avian influenza. Her case was announced by the Indonesian government Jan 25. She fell ill Jan 8 and died in the hospital 11 days later. Investigators reported that she had been exposed to dead poultry, the WHO said. Her illness was Indonesia’s 81st case and 63rd fatal one.In Azerbaijan, health officials said a 14-year-old boy who was hospitalized with suspected avian flu died yesterday before his diagnosis could be established, Reuters reported today. The story said he was the brother of a girl who died of H5N1 disease last year, but an AFP report said the two were cousins. They lived in the southern region of Salyan.Three initial tests indicated only that the boy had pneumonia, Anar Kadyrly, a health ministry spokesman told Reuters. He said samples were sent to a WHO laboratory in London for further testing.Meanwhile in Nigeria, a health ministry official said today that the country is conducting H5N1 tests on samples from 14 patients, including 3 who died suspiciously and 11 who were exposed to them, Reuters reported.Two of the samples are from a mother and daughter from Lagos who died within 2 weeks after eating chicken bought from a live-chicken market during the holidays. According to a previous AllAfrica News report, the family had slaughtered the chickens they bought after one died mysteriously. The third fatality from suspected avian flu is a woman from remote Taraba state who died after experiencing flu-like symptoms.Abdulsalam Nasidi, a Nigerian health official, said the samples were being tested at a laboratory in the Nigerian capital, Abuja.However, Gregory Hartl, a WHO spokesperson in Geneva, told the AP that preliminary tests came back negative and that samples were sent to a British lab for more testing. “The early results are encouraging, but we won’t know anything definitive until later this week,” he said.In other developments, the avian flu virus infecting people in Indonesia this year hasn’t mutated into a strain that poses a higher risk to humans, Bloomberg News reported today. Georg Petersen, a WHO representative in Indonesia, told Bloomberg the WHO has not detected any alarming mutations in the virus, which has claimed five lives in Indonesia so far this year.“We don’t see these new cases coming in January as any major situation,” Petersen told Bloomberg. “It’s too few cases to say there’s a trend.”See also:Nov 22, 2006, FAO avian flu bulletin with chart of H5N1 outbreaks by countryhttp://www.fao.org/docs/eims/upload/217700/aidenews_nov06_no44.pdf
Feb 20, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – Following an inspection trip to Nigeria, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said today that H5N1 avian influenza is still spreading there and called on the country to increase control measures on farms and in markets.The H5N1 virus has been confirmed in poultry in at least 10 states over the past few months, the FAO reported in a press release. About 300,000 poultry, including chickens, ostriches, ducks, pigeons, turkeys, and geese, have died of H5N1 infection, and 400,000 more have been culled to prevent the spread of the disease, the FAO found.Nigeria’s confirmation of its first human case and death in late January shows that high-risk practices such as handling sick or dead chickens and poor hygiene during slaughtering expose humans to continuing dangers of H5N1 infection, said Joseph Domenech, the FAO’s chief veterinary officer. The case involved a 22-year-old woman from Lagos who reportedly fell ill after handling an infected chicken.Human cases have occurred in all countries with similar levels of disease in poultry, Domenech said. “The first human case is therefore not unexpected and should not suggest that there is an increased risk to humans. However, it does emphasize the need to increases control of H5N1 in poultry.”The virus probably spread along Nigeria’s main trade routes, placing neighboring countries at risk with the movement of birds across borders, the FAO said.Poultry are brought to markets in Lagos, Nigeria’s biggest city with 9 million people, from all over the country. FAO observers found very poor hygiene conditions in the Lagos poultry markets.The FAO singled out home slaughtering, a common practice in Africa, as a particular risk. Discouraging home slaughtering is one measure that could reduce disease transmission risk to humans, the FAO said. If people do slaughter poultry at home, they should be encouraged to wash their hands, knives, and surfaces.Control measures in poultry markets, such as veterinary inspections and hygiene improvements, also could reduce the risk of H5N1 infections in humans, the FAO said.Farmers can prevent the disease from infecting their flocks by disinfecting items brought onto their property, preventing contact between wild birds and poultry, and buying new poultry stock only from sources that are guaranteed to be free of avian flu, the FAO advised.The agency urged Nigeria to consider targeted poultry vaccination with strict monitoring procedures. The FAO said it is increasing its technical support for avian flu control in the country and has launched a surveillance system there, funded by the European Union.In other news, authorities in Pakistan closed an Islamabad zoo after detecting H5N1 avian influenza in peacocks and geese, Agence France-Presse (AFP) reported today. A spokesman for the food, agriculture, and livestock ministry, Mohammad Afzal, told AFP an unspecified number of birds from the zoo were being culled.Marghzar Zoo Director Raja Javed told AFP that 10 birds died suspiciously in the past 2 days, and initial tests were positive for the deadly H5N1 strain. Afzal said test results on four peacocks and one or two geese confirmed the H5N1 virus.Authorities also reported that 14 or 15 crows died at the zoo and might have spread the virus to captive birds, AFP reported. Tests on those birds have not yet been conducted.After a 9-month lull, Pakistan reported fresh H5N1 outbreaks in early February among chickens and peacocks at a home in Islamabad, according to media reports. The disease also broke out in backyard poultry in two northern Punjab and North-West Frontier provinces, located in northern Pakistan, according to World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) reports. The country has reported no human H5N1 cases.See also:Feb 20 FAO statementhttp://www.fao.org/newsroom/en/news/2007/1000499/index.htmlFeb 2 OIE report
Jun 13, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – Vietnamese health officials announced yesterday that two more patients tested positive for H5N1 avian influenza, while animal-health officials suggested that unvaccinated ducks may be to blame for Vietnam’s recent rash of poultry outbreaks.Nguyen Huy Nga, director of Vietnam’s preventive medicine administration, said tests at a Vietnamese laboratory confirmed that a 28-year-old man from Tranh Hoa province and a 29-year-old woman from Ha Nam province, both in the northern part of the country, were infected with the H5N1 virus, according to an Associated Press (AP) report yesterday.Other media reports were unclear on the patients’ exact ages and the gender of the patient from Tranh Hoa. However, most reports, including stories today from two Vietnamese news services, said the patient from Tranh Hoa got sick after eating meat from an infected duck and was released from a hospital after recovering from pneumonia-like symptoms.Vietnamese news services also reported that the woman from Ha Nam province was in critical condition at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases in Hanoi. Officials were trying to learn how she was exposed to the virus.If the World Health Organization (WHO) confirms the two cases and two others reported by Vietnam over the past few weeks, the country’s H5N1 case count will rise to 97. For now, the count stands at 93 cases and 42 deaths.Since early May, Vietnam has battled H5N1 outbreaks in 15 provinces. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and Vietnamese agriculture officials recently conducted a joint investigation of outbreaks in Nam Dinh province, one of the affected areas. In a report released 2 days ago, the FAO said this year’s outbreaks are occurring later in the year than expected.Historically, January and February have been the worst months for the spread of H5N1, because of high consumer demand for poultry products during Lunar New Year (Tet) celebrations and because cooler temperature have been thought to favor the virus’s survival in the environment, the FAO report said.Investigators believe an increase in the numbers of ducks, many of which are unvaccinated, released to graze on newly harvested rice paddies are the reason for the later-than-usual spike in bird outbreaks this year, the report said. Farmers typically bring ducks that are hatched in nearby provinces to graze on harvested paddies in Nam Dinh province. Investigators found that unvaccinated young ducks, whose breeding cycles may not have corresponded with local vaccination campaigns, were released onto the rice paddies.”Free range duck production is an excellent system for farming, but there are risks and challenges involved,” said Andrew Speedy, FAO’s Vietnam representative, in the report. The agency recommends that officials ensure that all ducks are vaccinated, require hatcheries to meet basic biosecurity standards, and discourage small hatcheries.The FAO said current poultry vaccines are still effective and that it was assisting the government with the study of the H5N1 virus circulating in poultry. Jeffrey Gilbert, chief technical advisor of the FAO’s avian influenza program in Vietnam, said, “So far, genetic sequencing of recent viral isolates has shown no significant changes in the antigenicity of the virus.”Elsewhere, the health ministry in Malaysia said yesterday that five people in two central states have been quarantined for suspected H5N1 infection, Agence-France Presse (AFP) reported. The patients include three children and two adults. An 11-year-old boy was isolated at a hospital in Selangor state, while the others were hospitalized in Pahang state, the AFP report said.Chua Soi Lek, a health ministry official, told AFP all the patients had had contact with dead chickens. He added that 16 other people who were hospitalized with flulike symptoms have tested negative for the virus.The H5N1 virus resurfaced in Malaysian poultry early this month, marking the country’s first outbreak since February 2006, but it has never had a confirmed human H5N1 case.Meanwhile, the WHO yesterday confirmed the latest H5N1 case reported in Egypt, in a 4-year-old girl from Qena governorate who got sick on Jun 7 and was hospitalized 3 days later. She was reported to be in stable condition. An initial investigation revealed the girl had been exposed to dead birds. The case confirmation brings Egypt’s H5N1 total to 36 cases, of which 15 have been fatal.See also:Jun 7 FAO reporthttp://www.fao.org/avianflu/news/vietnam.htmlJun 12 WHO statementhttp://www.who.int/csr/don/2007_06_12/en/index.html
Oct 12, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – ConAgra yesterday recalled all of its pot pie varieties, including beef, as the number of people sickened in a Salmonella outbreak that health officials say may be linked to some of the products rose to 165 in 31 states.Investigators have not found the outbreak strain at the company’s Marshall, Mo., factory or in any product samples, but ConAgra, in a statement yesterday, said it recalled the products to make it more clear to consumers that they should not eat them. On Oct 9, when ConAgra issued its first consumer advisory, it advised retail stores not to sell its chicken or turkey pot pies and recommended that consumers refrain from eating them while federal officials investigated.The outbreak is believed to be linked to chicken and turkey pot pies, but the company said the beef variety was included in the recall to simplify the message for consumers.Affected products have the establishment code “P9” or “Est. 1059” printed on the side of the package, according to a statement yesterday from the US Department of Agriculture’s (USDA’s) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS). They include Banquet pot pies and the following brands: Albertson’s, Hill Country Fare, Food Lion, Great Value, Kirkwood, Kroger, Meijer, and Western Family. The products were distributed throughout the United States, Puerto Rico, and the Caribbean islands.Health officials recently approached ConAgra with their suspicions that several clusters of Salmonella infections were linked to the company’s chicken and turkey pot pies. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is coordinating a case-control study that has associated Banquet pot pies with the Salmonella cases.The CDC has said that the outbreak involves Salmonella enterica serotype I,4,,12:i:-, and as of yesterday it had collected at least 165 matching isolates from case-patients. The outbreak began in January and appears to be ongoing, the agency reported.The CDC said at least 30 people have been hospitalized. Salmonellosis typically causes fever and nonbloody diarrhea that resolves within a week.ConAgra, in its initial public health advisory, said it believed the illnesses were probably due to consumer undercooking of the products. Microwave ovens vary in strength and can cook products unevenly.The company said that before returning the product to the market, it will revise cooking directions on packages to clarify safe preparation steps.Two other Salmonella outbreaks in recent years were also linked to undercooked frozen chicken products, one in 2005 and one in 2006. Both involved breaded, prebrowned, individually wrapped chicken entrees. During those outbreaks, health officials pointed out that Salmonella was not considered an adulterant in such products and that raw poultry products must be cooked to an internal temperature of 165°F to kill the pathogen.See also:Oct 11 ConAgra press releaseOct 11 FSIS recall noticeOct 11 CDC Salmonella updatehttp://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/4512eyeminus.htmlOct 10 CIDRAP News story “Pot pies suspected in 30-state Salmonella outbreak”
Jul 31, 2008 (CIDRAP News) Experts and industry leaders speaking at congressional hearings this week on the nationwide Salmonella outbreak said federal agencies should take cues from state programs if they want to improve the traceability of fresh produce and the success of foodborne disease outbreak investigations. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had a difficult time tracing the sources of tomatoes, which were the prime suspect in the huge outbreak for several weeks, until suspicion fell on jalapeno and Serrano peppers in early July. The FDA maintains that the main problem was that many businesses which handle tomatoes use paper instead of electronic records. In the early weeks of the outbreak, the agency published an often-revised list of growing areas that were considered safe, while warning consumers to avoid certain types of raw tomatoes from other areas. He explained that the role of CDC in multistate foodborne outbreak responses is to aggregate surveillance data on a national level and provide consultation and coordination; the agency does not have the authority to independently investigate an outbreak in a state, though it can respond to a state request. Osterholm, who is director of the University of Minnesota Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, publisher of CIDRAP News, also proposed the establishment of regional surveillance teams or a national surveillance team patterned after teams used by the MDH. In many foodborne disease outbreaks, the food vehicle is never found, Osterholm said. The prime reason many outbreak investigations fail is the long time lag between when people get sick and when the outbreak is recognized, he said. It can take 3 to 4 weeks for investigators to learn from DNA fingerprinting that they have a cluster of cases caused by the same strain of pathogen. When patients are interviewed, they have to try to recall what and where they ate as long as 5 to 6 weeks earlier. The panel heard from tomato industry and state officials that Florida and California have programs that require traceability for tomatoes and work well. The FDA announced Jul 21 that a jalapeno pepper contaminated with the outbreak strain had been found at a tomato distributor in McAllen, Tex. Then on Jul 28, Colorado officials reported finding a jalapeno tainted with the outbreak strain in the home of a person who had the illness. Yesterday the FDA said that jalapeno was traced to a farm in Mexico and contaminated irrigation water and a tainted Serrano pepper had been found at another Mexican farm. The first S Saintpaul isolates were identified on Jun 23, and by Jun 30 several patients reported they had eaten at the same restaurant. On Jul 3 the MDH investigators were able to tell the CDC that the restaurant investigation pointed to jalapenos. In addition, the Minnesota Department of Agriculture was able to trace the jalapenos to a farm in Mexico. At a separate House subcommittee hearing today, tomato industry leaders from California and Florida said that programs in those states make it possible to quickly trace fresh tomatoes back from the retail level through the distribution chain to the grower. In an opening statement, Rep. Bart Stupak, D-Mich., the subcommittee chair, said the group would consider whether the Bioterrorism Act of 2002, which was designed in part to improve the traceability of food products, needs to be amended for that purpose. Adding to the difficulty, Osterholm wrote, is that many public health agencies do not use a standardized questionnaire or collect detailed source information about food items when they interview case-patients. “Systematically collecting detailed exposure information during early interviews with cases is a critical need to improve the effectiveness of our surveillance and outbreak investigation efforts,” he said. See also: May 23, 2008, CIDRAP News story “Group charts ways to improve foodborne illness probes” “There are great differences in the ability of states to collect and analyze the basic information needed to resolve outbreaks, which places intrinsic limitations on the ability of CDC [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention] to investigate multistate outbreaks,” Osterholm stated. “This in turn limits the ability of FDA or USDA [US Department of Agriculture] to pinpoint the sources of contamination and to break the chain of transmission.” A further key to successful outbreak investigation in Minnesota, Osterholm said, has been the use of a group of eight to ten public health students, known as Team Diarrhea, to interview patients. Since interviewing patients quickly is crucial, “we believe a series of regional Team Ds or a national Team D would go a long way to providing precisely the real-time support for outbreak investigations at the state and local levels that is so sorely needed,” he said. At a House subcommittee hearing yesterday, a Minnesota expert said investigations of multistate foodborne disease outbreaks are hindered by a lack of standardized techniques and approaches from state to state. The expert, Michael T. Osterholm, PhD, MPH, proposed that other states adopt a set of best practices like those used by the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH), which played a major role in linking the Salmonella cases to jalapeno peppers early in July. Lack of standardizationIn written testimony presented to the House Agriculture Subcommittee on Horticulture and Organic Agriculture yesterday, Osterholm said epidemiologic investigations are carried out by many different jurisdictions, with no general agreement on best practices. His statement was co-written by Craig Hedberg, PhD, a foodborne disease expert with the University of Minnesota School of Public Health, and John Besser, PhD, clinical laboratory manager at the MDH. Ed Beckman, president of California Tomato Farmers, based in Fresno, said his group recently conducted a trace-back demonstration for staff members of the subcommittee. He said it took only 35 minutes to trace a box of tomatoes to the grower. Parker Boothe, president of a tomato company in Manteca, California, and other industry representatives asserted that the FDA should set national safety and traceability requirements for tomatoes. He called the cost of the traceability system minimal, saying, “Any size firm, large or small, can do this.” Acheson was asked whether the Bioterrorism Act “worked” in the case of this outbreak. “The Bioterrorism Act worked as written,” he replied. “We rarely ran into a situation where people were not keeping records. It was many of the small producers, the small restaurants . . . they do not have electronic records; the vast majority of information we got was paper.” The reply from David Acheson, MD, the FDA’s associate commissioner for foods, was that many of the businesses that handle tomatoes had only paper records, which took time to sift through. Contributing to the lack of standardization is the fact that foodborne disease investigations are handled at different levels in different states, Osterholm reported. He said a survey reported last year showed that gastrointestinal disease surveillance was conducted by local agencies in about half of the states, was centralized in a state office in about a quarter of the states, and was handled by regional state offices in another 20%. “What we did was link the ‘one step up and one step back’ requirements of this (Bioterrorism) act at each level of the supply chain,” he said. Acheson told the panel that the FDA, in proposing its Food Protection Plan last fall, asked for 10 specific legislative authorities. Of those, “probably the one that’s most important is the one that requires preventive controls [in food production and processing]. That’s absolutely critical across the board,” he said. Does Bioterrorism Act need updating?Today’s hearing, held by the House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, focused on lessons learned from the Salmonella outbreak and response. Osterholm said a group called CIFORthe Council to Improve Foodborne Outbreak Responsehas developed guidelines that could help to standardize the response to outbreaks. The practices, many of which have been used successfully in Minnesota, include interviewing all patients when their cases are first reported, using a standardized form to collect detailed exposure information when recall is the greatest, and then to interview patients again after possible new sources are suggested during the investigation. “We believe these should be adopted as best practices, and that where resources limit the adoption of these practices, we must find a way to build the infrastructure of our public health system to make it possible,” he stated. Osterholm’s testimony dovetailed with comments at today’s hearing by Kirk Smith, head of the MDH’s foodborne disease unit. He summarized how the MDH investigated a cluster of Salmonella Saintpaul cases that surfaced in Minnesota in late June, leading to the identification of jalapeno peppers as the food vehicle. The Salmonella outbreak included 1,319 cases in 43 states, Washington, DC, and Canada as of yesterday. The FDA began issuing advisories about raw jalapeno and Serrano peppers on Jul 9, and the warning about tomatoes, which was based on statistical associations in the absence of any findings of tomatoes contaminated with the outbreak strain, was canceled on Jul 17. One reason for the successful investigation was that foodborne disease probes in Minnesota are centralized at the state level, Smith said. That makes it possible to confirm and type Salmonella isolates, usually within 2 to 3 days, and to interview patients quickly, he explained. FDA’s Salmonella outbreak pagehttp://www.fda.gov/oc/opacom/hottopics/tomatoes.html Concerning FDA claims that it was difficult to trace tomatoes, Beckman said, “We can’t help but ask specifically, where was the problem?”
The first theme park for children and adults in Croatia, Fun Park Mirnovec, which is being built in Biograd na Moru, modeled on the world’s famous adrenaline entertainment centers, will open its doors today, July 15. 2017The construction of Fun Park Mirnovec, the largest investment in the entertainment industry in the country, is worth about 12 million euros, and the investor is a regional leader and well-known producer of film and entertainment effects, Mirnovec pyrotechnics from Samobor. The uniqueness of the park is a business concept that has been successfully proven for decades in far more developed markets around the world, and it is a combination of adrenaline rides and fun for children in one place.”Since we will be working at a reduced capacity from July 15 to 20, ticket prices will also be lower during that period, and they will only be available for purchase online. Also, the working hours of the park in this period will be from 15 to 23 hours”Points out from Fun Park Mirnovec and adds that the ticket price will range from 110 kn to 190 kn depending on the type of ticket and season, and the ticket for the park is daily and allows you unlimited rides at all attractions.Visitors to the park will have at their disposal 24 attractions divided into three thematic units: Pirate City, Space and the Wild West. Of the 24 attractions, the most interesting are certainly the Adria Eye, from which you can see the entire panorama, from the Kornati islands to Lake Vrana, as well as the Tornado and Big Blue rollercoaster. Also, within the park there will be a meaningful animation program, as well as a rich catering offer, both for children and for children. The great news is that the park will be open all year round, and the working hours of the park will be from 11 am to 23 pm.An excellent tourist story that will raise the whole region to a higher level, primarily through the additional quality content of the tourist destination, which is chronically lacking in our tourism.
According to a survey conducted by the European Commission on the provision of accommodation for tourists based on the sharing economy, service providers are mostly satisfied with the rental system.They most often reach guests through online platforms (70,3%), and cite bureaucracy and frequent changes in the rules governing their business as the biggest obstacles that could lead to the cessation of service provision. The majority of short-term accommodation service providers, 56,36% of them to be precise, confirmed that they use their primary residence in which they reside continuously or secondary residence, in which they reside on a temporary basis, for the needs of the activity. For more than two-thirds of respondents, income from short-term accommodation activities accounts for less than half of their total annual income.In terms of guest relations, the majority of respondents (51,4%) confirmed that they did not experience problems during the rental process, while the majority of the rest of the respondents said that the problems were mostly simple in nature and easily solvable. When commenting on the rules governing the provision of short-term accommodation, respondents ’responses differed with respect to the country of origin. Respondents from countries that reacted negatively to the rules, such as Italy, Germany, Spain and France, highlighted tax regulations as particularly problematic.Despite some difficulties, based on the key results of the survey and based on the explanations of the respondents, short-term accommodation providers within the sharing economy are generally satisfied with their activity and intend to continue to provide this type of service. The vast majority of them (70,3%) confirmed that they use online platforms almost exclusively to reach guests.An online survey was conducted from January 24 to March 14, 2017 on a sample of 391 short-term accommodation providers to gain a better understanding of the sharing economy and its main features within the short-term accommodation provider sector. The survey was not conducted on the basis of a representative sample, but represents a basic insight into the situation on the short-term accommodation market with regard to the experiences of service providers. As early as 2016, the European Commission analyzed the attitudes of users within the sharing economy, as part of activities aimed at gaining insight that can then be used in the process of adapting consumer and marketing regulations.Source: HGK
Last Sunday, as part of the County Summer, the traditional event “Kod konjarskih vatri” was held.Horse fires are lit for the 13th time in a row in the park of the Stjepan Gruber Homeland Museum and attract many lovers of tradition and local history. The event was launched in 2004 on the initiative of the Stjepan Gruber Homeland Museum in Županja, and is realized through the cooperation of the Museum and the horse breeding association “Stari graničari” from Županja. Since its founding in 2006, the Military History Unit “Serežani” has been participating in Konjarski vatra. Through dedicated and persistent work, this event revives the border customs from the time of the Military Border every year in a rather special way.The atmosphere that exudes the spirit of history with its melancholy resistance to the ravages of time is complemented by the location where the event takes place. Namely, it is one of the remaining several border balconies built for the needs of the Military Border. The old loggia is also a key part of the presentation of this Museum to the public.This year’s ceremony began with the opening of the exhibition of the Museum of Cvelferija from Drenovac and the County Museum entitled “We guarded the border on the Sava”. At the exhibition, the works were exhibited by the director of the Cvelferija Museum, Martina Kelava and Marta Stjepanović.The people of Županja traditionally open the ceremony “At the Horse Fires” with a parade of horsemen and visiting historical units. This year, Županja was visited by units from Bakar, Pregrada, Osijek, Požega and Vinkovci. The line-up is followed by a cultural and entertainment program in which, in addition to numerous guest appearances, many folklore groups and male and female singing groups also participate. The entertainer and singer Šima Jovanovac and TS “Žeteoci” held their concert in Županja, as well as the Best Croatian Tamburitza Players, Dike, Bosutski bećari and others.Numerous theatrical and costumed performances are held as part of the event. This year, members of KUD Tomislav, in cooperation with the Academy of Dramatic Arts in Zagreb, interpreted parts of the historical novel “Dragon of Bosnia” to the audience. The cultural and entertainment program was rounded off by the performances of KUD “Josip Kozarac” from Posavske Podgajec by showing the customs dodole and the first male singing cavalry Sinđir from Županja.”This event awakens memories of former times, preserves heritage and presents the culture of Šokac, Slavonia and Županja in a modern way. I am really happy with the fact that these are the 13th Horse Fires in a row, and they could not be realized without the excellent cooperation of several factors: Horse Breeding Association “Stari graničari”, the City of Županja, the Tourist Board of Županja, and the Tourist Board of Vukovar-Srijem County , producers of traditional food and beverages and dance and music associations from this area”, Said the director of the County Museum, Janja Juzbasic.The goals of this valuable historical event are the presentation of the heritage of Slavonia, as well as the connection of traditional gastronomy, music and dance into an interesting tourist destination. The Stjepan Gruber Županja Museum pointed out that the event seeks to encourage cooperation between institutions and civil society organizations, local government and, finally, citizens because they want to put heritage in the function of preserving cultural heritage and contribute to the development of continental tourism.At the center of this attractive attraction are the serezans, a former specialized border police unit. The historical unit Serežani, in cooperation with historical units from all over Croatia, presents to visitors every year a staging of an alert during the Military Border, the so-called lighting horse fires.Photo: Kod konjarskih vatri, Županja 2018 / Šokački portal
Through the activities of issuing and fiscalizing invoices, it was noticed that there is still a significant number of taxpayers who either do not issue invoices or do not fiscalize the issued invoices, committing the most serious tax offenses, the Tax Administration informs all taxpayers that in cooperation with the Customs Administration in the coming period carry out intensified Fiscalization controls.