It’s harder for students to think straight during a heat wave, study finds

first_imgStudents who lived in dormitories without air conditioning during a heat wave performed worse on a series of cognitive tests compared with students who lived in air-conditioned dorms, according to new research led by Harvard T.H Chan School of Public Health. The field study, the first to demonstrate the detrimental cognitive effects of indoor temperatures during a heat wave in a group of young healthy individuals, highlights the need for sustainable design solutions in mitigating the health impacts of extreme heat.“Most of the research on the health effects of heat has been done in vulnerable populations, such as the elderly, creating the perception that the general population is not at risk from heat waves,” said Jose Guillermo Cedeño-Laurent, research fellow at Harvard Chan School and lead author of the study. “To address this blind spot, we studied healthy students living in dorms as a natural intervention during a heat wave in Boston. Knowing what the risks are across different populations is critical considering that in many cities, such as Boston, the number of heat waves is projected to increase due to climate change.”The study was published online July 10, 2018 in PLOS Medicine as part of a special issue dedicated to climate change and health.Extreme heat can have severe consequences for public health and is the leading cause of death of all meteorological phenomena in the U.S. Temperatures around the world are rising, with 2016 marking the warmest year on record for the past two centuries. Understanding the effects of indoor temperatures is important given that adults in the U.S. spend 90 percent of their time indoors.For this new study, researchers tracked 44 students in their late teens and early 20s living in dorm rooms. Twenty-four of the students lived in adjacent six-story buildings that were built in the early 1990s and had central air conditioning. The remaining 20 students lived in low-rise buildings constructed between 1930 and 1950 that did not have air conditioning.The study was conducted over 12 consecutive days in the summer of 2016. The first five days consisted of seasonable temperatures, followed by a five-day-long heat wave, and then a two-day cooldown. Each day the students took two cognition tests on their smartphones right after waking up. The first test required students to correctly identify the color of displayed words and was used to evaluate cognitive speed and inhibitory control — or the ability to focus on relevant stimuli when irrelevant stimuli are also present. The second test consisted of basic arithmetic questions and was used to assess cognitive speed and working memory.The c than students in the air-conditioned dormitories and experienced decreases across five measures of cognitive function, including reaction times and working memory. During the heat wave, students in buildings without air conditioning experienced 13.4 percent longer reaction times on color-word tests, and 13.3 percent lower addition/subtraction test scores compared with students with air-conditioned rooms. Read Full Storylast_img read more

College places first in statewide competition

first_imgTen days, 83 pages and one case study later, Saint Mary’s students took first place at the Indiana Certified Public Accounting Society’s (INCPAS) 2010 collegiate contest in Indianapolis earlier this month. The team was given a scenario about a struggling accounting firm and wrote a report on how to deal with the issue. The team was comprised of juniors Allison Courtney and Maggie DePaola, seniors Betsy Reed and Maureen Temchuk and faculty advisor Mary Ann Merryman, chair of the Business Administration and Economics department. The Saint Mary’s team competed against 12 others from Indiana to win the contest, which was held Nov. 19. The group had to put together a 50-page report and 30 pages of appendices in the 10-day time frame, Courtney said. Then, the top six reports were chosen to present in Indianapolis. From those six, the Saint Mary’s team took first. “It was just such a nice feeling that all our hard work paid off,” Courtney said. “It was amazing.” According to the INCPAS website, Valparaiso University placed second and the University of Southern Indiana placed third. The remaining three, Butler University, Indiana University and Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, were given honorable mentions. Each student on the Saint Mary’s team was awarded $1,000 for winning the competition, the website said. Merryman has taken five teams to the finals of the INCPAS contest, which began in 2000, and placed as high as third in the past. This is the first time Saint Mary’s has won the entire competition, according to the College’s press release. “Students graduate, so the one constant is a faculty member with an ongoing commitment to make sure that a college or university organizes and coaches a team to compete,” Merryman said in the release. According to Courtney, INCPAS invites every college in Indiana and Saint Mary’s has participated in the competition for several years. She said winning the competition was “surreal” for multiple reasons. “One, Saint Mary’s had never placed first in the competition before and two, we were probably the smallest school represented at the competition,” Courtney said. For next year’s competition, the Saint Mary’s team will again be comprised of two juniors and two seniors. Courtney said it is set up this way so she and DePaola will be more prepared. “I will take away the experience I have gained this year to compete again in the competition next year,” DePaola said.last_img read more

Game day program promotes recycling at tailgates

first_imgThis Saturday, as fans crowd the parking lots surrounding Legends and Notre Dame Stadium for tailgates, they may encounter some environmentally conscious companions.Immediately before the home game against Navy, dozens of students will be walking through the parking lots, distributing blue recycling bags and answering questions about recycling as part of the Office of Sustainability’s Game Day Recycling program.Linda Kurtos, Notre Dame director of sustainability, said the practice started in 2008.“At the time, there were no good opportunities to collect all of the recyclable material that was being generated by fans during tailgating, so all of it was going to the landfill,” Kurtos said. “The Office [of Sustainability] initiated the program to make recycling at home football games possible and convenient for our fans and visitors.”According to Kurtos, the Game Day Recycling program involves a lot of logistical planning, starting before the football season begins.“To make as many recycling bags available to our fans and visitors, we also have recycling bag dispensers secured to light posts throughout the Joyce, Legends and Library parking lots,” she said. “The dispensers are refurbished newspaper vending boxes that hold additional blue recycling bags that visitors can use as needed. Prior to the start of the football season, we have each of the bag dispensers cleaned and distributed throughout the tailgating parking areas where they will stay for the entire football season.”Kurtos said the sustainability efforts themselves start the day before the game, during football Friday events.For the past two years, Kurtos said, senior Max Ducey has worked as the program’s intern, in charge of recruiting and managing volunteers. Volunteers are students from University-authorized groups or clubs, which are compensated by the Office of Sustainability for the total number of hours that members work during the game.“Max and other interns and staff go around the parking lots to check to make sure that all of the bag dispensers in the parking lots are fully stocked with recycling bags,” Kurtos said. “They also put up lawn signs around the stadium to help provide additional information about recycling.”Kurtos said the Game Day Recycling team will start early on Saturday. Max Ducey will meet with student volunteers and assign them to certain areas on campus, particularly focusing on tailgate-heavy parking areas and White Field.“Each student group is asked to provide four students from 10 a.m. to noon,” Kurtos said. “On night games, we usually add an additional shift of student volunteers from 1 p.m. to 3 p.m. to make sure we get bags to some of the later arriving fans.“The student volunteers are not involved in any pre-, during or post-game clean up. The University hires an outside group to do the actual clean up. Instead, the student volunteers focus on increasing recycling activities during pre-game activities. The volunteers walk around the tailgating areas and pass out recycling bags and information on what can be recycled on campus. Max and the office staff spend the morning making sure that all of the tailgating areas are adequately staffed and getting the bags that they need.”Senior Charlie Ducey has volunteered in the Game Day Recycling program on behalf of the creative writing club Mustard. (Editor’s note: Charlie Ducey is a Viewpoint columnist for The Observer.)“Game Day Recycling is actually one of my favorite things to do on game day,” Charlie Ducey said. “I get to tour the whole range of tailgates for two hours, handing out bags and riding on a golf cart. So long as it isn’t raining, it’s an exceptionally pleasant experience.“Volunteering with Game Day Recycling helps me to get a feel for the amount of material that gets used during game day while also curbing the amount that goes to waste. Though helping the environment is a reward in itself, volunteering also raises funds for my club or student organization of choice.”Kurtos also said the program has added a new practice to expand sustainability efforts.“In a partnership with NDSP, Athletics and the Office of Sustainability, we now hire additional temporary parking lot staff to hand out recycling bags and trash bags to each car as it enters the Joyce lots and other busy tailgating areas,” she said. “This new practice helps ensure that we are able to get bags to even more fans and visitors as soon as they arrive on campus. In an effort to help keep the campus looking good, this is also the first year that we are passing out trash bags in addition to recycling bags. Each guest gets two recycling bags and one trash bag as they enter the parking area.”According to Kurtos, volunteers last season distributed about 3,000 blue recycling bags per game and 6,000 for the night home game, for a total of approximately 21,000 bags distributed during the entire season.With this year’s distribution of recycling bags and trash bags to incoming cars, Kurtos says the Game Day Recycling team is distributing more bags than ever, with more than 35 tons of recycling already collected during the first two home games of the season.“We are very proud of the program,” Kurtos said. “Not only has it increased recycling on campus and diverted more material from landfills, it has helped keep Notre Dame clean and beautiful during football games.”Tags: football, Game Day, game day recycling, recycling, sustainability, tailgatelast_img read more

Is Your Business A Century Old?

first_imgIs Your Business A Century Old?If Yes, Then The Secretary of State Is Looking For You!Program Honors Vermont’s Centennial BusinessesMontpelier. Secretary of State Deb Markowitz has put out a call for nominations for the 2009 Vermont Centennial Business Awards. This program, a joint project of the Secretary of State’s office, the Vermont Chamber of Commerce, and the Vermont Business Magazine, honors businesses that have operated in Vermont for at least 100 years.Secretary Markowitz said, “Any business that has been in operation in Vermont for 100 years or more can participate in the awards program by filling out an application and providing verification of its business start date.” Vermont’s centennial businesses will be presented with a plaque at an awards ceremony in March.”It is important to recognize Vermont’s businesses for their longevity,” said Secretary Markowitz. “It takes a tremendous amount of dedication to keep a business active for 100 years. The Vermont Centennial Business Award acknowledges Vermont’s oldest businesses for enriching our economic heritage. This program deepens our understanding of how Vermont’s businesses have enhanced our community life during the last 100 years.”Deadline for applications is January 16, 2009. For more information about the awards program and to obtain an application, contact Ginny Colbert at 802-828-2148 or [email protected](link sends e-mail) or visit the Vermont Centennial Business Awards page on the Secretary of State’s website: http://www.sec.state.vt.us/centennial_business.html(link is external)###last_img read more

Credit Union Facility Solutions: Fixed asset ruling

first_img“The fixed asset ceiling does not allow our credit union to grow to our potential.” This statement has been expressed by some credit unions as they work to balance technology and branch and operations facility costs with growth opportunities.The National Credit Union Administration’s recent change to the fixed asset ceiling rule for federal credit unions, which becomes effective Oct. 2, aims to mitigate this problem. The new final rule:removes the 5 percent aggregate limit on federal credit union investment in “fixed assets,” understood as property and equipment that cannot be easily converted to cash; in place of the limit, NCUA will use the supervisory process to monitor a federal credit union’s level of fixed assets; andsimplifies the current fixed assets rule’s partial occupancy requirements for premises acquired for future expansion by establishing a single six-year time period for establishing partial occupancy, regardless of whether the property is improved or unimproved. The previous requirement to apply for a partial occupancy waiver within 30 months has been eliminated. Additionally, there is no regulatory deadline for full occupancy, just a requirement that the FCU plans to fully occupy the property within a reasonable time. Notably, FCUs may still apply to the NCUA Regional Director for a waiver from the six-year partial occupancy requirement. continue reading » 6SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more

Online platforms crucial for short-term accommodation providers

first_imgAccording to a survey conducted by the European Commission on the provision of accommodation for tourists based on the sharing economy, service providers are mostly satisfied with the rental system.They most often reach guests through online platforms (70,3%), and cite bureaucracy and frequent changes in the rules governing their business as the biggest obstacles that could lead to the cessation of service provision. The majority of short-term accommodation service providers, 56,36% of them to be precise, confirmed that they use their primary residence in which they reside continuously or secondary residence, in which they reside on a temporary basis, for the needs of the activity. For more than two-thirds of respondents, income from short-term accommodation activities accounts for less than half of their total annual income.In terms of guest relations, the majority of respondents (51,4%) confirmed that they did not experience problems during the rental process, while the majority of the rest of the respondents said that the problems were mostly simple in nature and easily solvable. When commenting on the rules governing the provision of short-term accommodation, respondents ’responses differed with respect to the country of origin. Respondents from countries that reacted negatively to the rules, such as Italy, Germany, Spain and France, highlighted tax regulations as particularly problematic.Despite some difficulties, based on the key results of the survey and based on the explanations of the respondents, short-term accommodation providers within the sharing economy are generally satisfied with their activity and intend to continue to provide this type of service. The vast majority of them (70,3%) confirmed that they use online platforms almost exclusively to reach guests.An online survey was conducted from January 24 to March 14, 2017 on a sample of 391 short-term accommodation providers to gain a better understanding of the sharing economy and its main features within the short-term accommodation provider sector. The survey was not conducted on the basis of a representative sample, but represents a basic insight into the situation on the short-term accommodation market with regard to the experiences of service providers. As early as 2016, the European Commission analyzed the attitudes of users within the sharing economy, as part of activities aimed at gaining insight that can then be used in the process of adapting consumer and marketing regulations.Source: HGKlast_img read more

The Tax Administration and the Customs Administration will carry out intensified inspections of Fiscalization

first_imgThrough the activities of issuing and fiscalizing invoices, it was noticed that there is still a significant number of taxpayers who either do not issue invoices or do not fiscalize the issued invoices, committing the most serious tax offenses, the Tax Administration informs all taxpayers that in cooperation with the Customs Administration in the coming period carry out intensified Fiscalization controls.last_img

Lois Adams

first_imgLois Adams, 85, of Milan passed away Friday, December 27, 2019 at Shady Nook Care Center.  Lois was born Monday, March 12, 1934 in Anco, Kentucky, the daughter of Henderson and Martha (Blair) Seals.  She married Troy (Ed) Adams May 27, 1949 and he preceded her in death May 26, 2010.  Lois was a homemaker and a realtor.  She was a member of Milan First Baptist Church which she was very involved in. She was also a member of Helping Hands, CB Club and card club.  Her hobbies included: horse camping, reading, talking and spending time with family, flowers/gardening, watching classic movies, bowling, traveling with her husband.Lois is survived by her daughters Sandra Jane Cook Sieber of Milan and Judalane Jones of Bright; four grandchildren and eight great-grandchildren.  She was preceded in death by her parents, husband, and grandson Stephen Richie.A service celebrating her life will be held 11:30 AM Wednesday, January 1, 2020 at Laws-Carr-Moore Funeral Home in Milan with Pastor Harris Long officiating.  Burial will follow in Craven Cemetery.  Family and friends may gather to share and remember her 10-11:30 AM Wednesday also at the funeral home.  Memorials may be given in honor of Lois to Alzheimer Association.  Laws-Carr-Moore Funeral Home entrusted with arrangements, 707 S Main Street, Box 243, Milan, IN 47031, (812)654-2141.  You may go to www.lawscarrmoore.com to leave an online condolence message for the family.last_img read more

Mackay: We need to keep our belief

first_img But when asked whether these two games could end up proving defining moments in Cardiff’s season, manager Mackay said: “The gap between the bottom right up to 10th is minute, and I don’t see that changing between now and the end of the season. “I have said before that with two weeks to go last season 10 teams could still have been relegated. “It’s about us picking up points and keeping that belief. It is a long-term view I am taking and the group have got belief they can perform at this level, compete at this level and pick up points. “The last couple of games we have played top teams in this league, but now we are playing teams who are in and around us. “We all know that counts for nothing. You saw that with Liverpool going to Hull at the weekend. They are both going to be tough games but we will be competitive and do our best to bring points home.” Mackay also believes it will take opposite number Hughes some time to fully make his mark on the Potters’ squad, as he seeks to tweak the direct gameplan employed by his predecessor Tony Pulis. Mackay said: “Tony Pulis did a fantastic job at Stoke, that was a club that overachieved for five years there. “Tony did a great job and they became a sustainable Premier League team having been a Championship team. Malky Mackay insists there is no extra pressure on his Cardiff side as they prepare to face fellow strugglers Stoke. “Mark has now come in and it will be about him putting his stamp on it, and that sort of thing invariably takes two or three transfer windows.” Cardiff have won just once away from home this season, with Jordon Mutch’s late strike giving them a 2-1 victory at Fulham. And the midfielder admits Cardiff need to start producing their home form when on the road from Cardiff City Stadium. “If we do that we can pick up quite a few points,” he said. “We’ll stick together and work for each other. We want to do the same things away as we do at home. “Our aim is to do the business Wednesday and Saturday. We are capable of winning against Stoke and Palace and we’ll do all we can to achieve that.” Despite picking up impressive results against Manchester United, Manchester City and Swansea so far this term, a 3-0 defeat to Arsenal last weekend dropped the Bluebirds to 17th in the table, three points above the drop zone. That leaves them level with Mark Hughes’ Potters ahead of Wednesday evening’s Britannia Stadium clash, with a trip to Crystal Palace to follow on Saturday. Press Associationlast_img read more

Wenger: Giroud vital for Gunners

first_img Giroud, currently recovering from a fractured fibia, has agreed an extension with Arsenal, the formalities of which are set to be completed ahead of an official announcement. Wenger confirmed Giroud, who turned 28 on Tuesday, was very much an integral part of the squad, which now includes England forward Danny Welbeck, signed in a £16million deadline day move from Manchester United. Press Association Arsenal manager Arsene Wenger hopes a new contract for France striker Olivier Giroud will help continue to develop the club’s core of talent, but must do without key midfielder Aaron Ramsey for at least a month because of injury. However, that positive news was tempered somewhat by the prognosis on Ramsey, who pulled up during Saturday’s north London derby against Tottenham and, along with injured captain Mikel Arteta, will miss Wednesday night’s important Champions League Group D tie at home to Galatasaray. England midfielder Jack Wilshere, though, could feature despite turning his ankle in the first half against Spurs. “It (Giroud’s contract) is done. It will be done. We will announce it when it is completely finished,” said Wenger. “We want stability and we want to keep the core of our team together because I am a great believer in that. “We have a young bunch of players now and the core of our team is now basically young English talents, and I believe as well that Giroud is an important player here.” Wenger confirmed Ramsey will be out for at least a month, meaning he will not be available for Wales’ upcoming European Championship qualifiers. “To be generous with time, let’s say four weeks. If all goes well, three. After the international break, hopefully it will not be far. Sometimes the international break is welcome,” said Wenger. “It is the same with Arteta, even a bit quicker maybe.” The injuries, however, could in turn allow both big-money signings Mesut Ozil and Alexis Sanchez to be deployed alongside each other. “Maybe now we will do it, we will see. We have plenty of options,” said Wenger. “I believe we have a strong squad. We of course want to use that during the season. “We have more options offensively, but that has to be translated on board and we have to score the goals we could score looking at the possession we have had so far.” After losing 2-0 away to Borussia Dortmund on matchday one, Arsenal are bottom of Group D. However, Wenger remains confident his side can now turn things around in Europe following a run of fixtures which include a double-header against Anderlecht. “We had a disappointing result in Dortmund and at the moment I feel that the potential is there for us,” he said. “The group stage is a minimum of 10 points so the home games are vital. “It is early, but we are maybe more under pressure to win the game than if we had won the first, but it is (always) the same in the Champions League – you want to win your home games. “You need one good result away from home and then win all your home games.” Defender Kieran Gibbs insists the players are in the right frame of mind following a somewhat frustrating performance in the 1-1 draw against Tottenham, which maintained Arsenal’s unbeaten Premier League start. “It is important to remember how hard we have worked to get to this level at this stage,” he said. “We are in this competition not just to take part, but the squad believes we can do something special and we need to get back on track tomorrow.” Wenger, meanwhile, will on Wednesday have been at Arsenal 18 years. The French coach, who turns 65 in October and last season marked 1,000 matches in charge, said: “I have no time to look back right now, but it is a great privilege to be in charge of such a big club for such a long time. “I just want to be at the expectation level of this club and win tomorrow’s game. Our job is to win the next game.” last_img read more